Cell Therapy, which includes medical products made up of living cells, a new type of cell-based medical product that is effective in treating many diseases that have not been discovered before.
What is stem cell?
Stem cells are cells that exist naturally in our bodies. They are normally present in modest numbers and released in greater quantities when the body requires therapy. They can develop into cells in the body such as muscle cells, bone cells, cartilage cells, heart muscle cells, etc.
Every day the body becomes inflamed and deteriorates. Stem cells will help to repair that degeneration. It is a natural mechanism by which stem cells will run to the point that needs repair, such as when the body is inflamed or wounded, the stem cells will automatically run to that point to repair.
Stem cells have the property of being immature cells capable of dividing and transforming into different types of specific cells and at the same time continue to divide to become stem cells.
There are two types of stem cells
Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) and Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs).
1. Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) are stem cells of blood and blood components to replace damaged or expired blood cells and components. They will divide and grow into red blood cells which carry oxygen throughout the body, white blood cells that help fight foreign substances or germs, and platelets that stop bleeding when wounds occur. Sources of erythrocyte stem cells include cord blood stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs), etc.
Diseases that can be treated with Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs)
- Diseases related to bone marrow disorders.
- Blood cancers such as Leukemia or other cancers that require chemotherapy.
- Congenital immunodeficiency disease.
- Platelet disorders.
- Abnormal red blood cells such as Aplasia.
- Anemia from various causes and need to be treated with regular blood transfusion.
- Thalassemia group.
- Metabolic genetic disease group such as Osteopetrosis.
2. Can Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) be used to treat disease?
The prospect of using stem cells for the treatment of non-hematopoietic diseases has been continuously studied until now, there is a good trend in many diseases, such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, neurological and brain diseases, Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, including acute inflammatory vascular disease, Spinal Cord Injury and Stroke, and other common diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.
For more information please contact
Miss Preeyaluk (OPD’s supervisor)
Call +669 6932 5936